Cognitive impairment appears to be amplified by several factors as the habit of smoking cigarettes,14. When used without further specification, blood pressure usually refers to the arterial pressure in the systemic circulation. Blood circulation owe a pressure difference between the arterial system and the venous system. The very first pill of blood pressure factors his pb went to 78. High blood pressure is a silent killer and is therefore one of the most significant of the medically related problems that afflicts mod ern man. Given a paucity of information on hypertension and associated risk factors among urban. For example, a blood pressure measurement of 100mmhg means blood vessel pressure equals the pressure created by a column of mercury 100mm high. In general, tissue factors are more concerned with regulating organ blood flow than systemic arterial pressure. Blood pressure bp refers to the pressure created in the arteries by blood as the heart contracts and relaxes. Factors affecting blood pressure there are three main factors which affect blood pressure. May 31, 2017 high blood pressure is nicknamed the silent killer. The system of these factors affecting hrv can be divided into the following five categories. Blood pressure is the force exerted on the artery walls by the blood. Feb 28, 2017 if by external factors, you mean weather or temperature outside, when the body is cold, blood pressure may rise as the body attempts to warm itself and the blood pressure may drop when the body is warm and is attempting to cool itself.
That is why it is suggested that sympathetic nervemediated vasoconstriction may also be mediated by factors other than catecholamines. A spoonful of salt makes the blood pressure go down. Some overthecounter decongestants that are commonly found in cough and cold medications cause an increase both in the blood pressure and heart rate, sometimes also resulting in. The pressure difference is generated by the pumping action of the blood in the aorta and large arteries, made by the contraction of the heart ventricle. Factors that affect blood pressure variability american journal of.
Factors affecting blood pressure in newbors n infants. Cigarette smoking causes acute blood pressure bp elevation, although some studies have found similar or lower bps in smokers compared with nonsmokers. Your local gp is able to measure and record your bp for you, but sometimes your gp may ask you to record bp measurements from home to complement those taken in the clinic. Of all of the factors that affect blood flow, the diameter of the blood vessel has the greatest effect. High blood pressure is a silent killer and is therefore one of the most significant of. The direct interrelationships between these factors and hrv can be regrouped into an influence diagram. Sdaverage ambulatory bp of ambulatory bp, were examined in a communitybased sample in northeastern japan. High blood pressure works the heart harder and causes arteries to become less flexible. Physiological factors affecting blood pressure answers. Effect of exercise on vascular homeostasis opentextbc. The lifestyle of a person includes exercise, smoking, alcohol.
However, there are a number of factors that can increase your risk of developing high blood pressure. Given their pervasiveness, it is plausible that such factors may also have an impact on hypertension prevalence and control rates. Exercise is an essential routine for humans in different ways and varying levels. Use of manual bp machine by poorly trained workers was one of the causes of. Sociodemographic characteristic factors affecting hypertension. Rasak on physiological factors affecting blood pressure. Here are six reasonssome of them unexpectedthat may explain a high blood pressure reading. Blood pressure is the force pressure that the blood exerts inside the arteries blood vessel walls.
Blood pressure is the most important cause of death and disability in. We define blood pressure, or bp, as the force per unit area exerted on a blood vessel wall by the blood. High blood pressure hbp or hypertension means high pressure tension in the arteries. Blood pressure is the pressure exerted by circulating blood upon the walls of blood vessels. Pdf factors influencing adherence to treatment in older. Influence diagram of physiological and environmental. Adequate blood flow, blood pressure, distribution, and perfusion involve autoregulatory, neural, and endocrine mechanisms. Too much alcohol consumption more than 1 to 2 drinks per day stress. Factors affecting blood pressure and heart rate purpose. Smoking, diet, and family history can put you at risk for high blood pressure, but you still have control over prevention.
Chronically elevated blood pressure is known clinically as hypertension. To analyze the factors that may affect heart rate and blood pressure. I ordered this because my husbands blood pressure went out of control around nov. A certain amount of pressure is required to keep the blood flowing throughout the body. Arterial stiffness, systolic blood pressure, and logical treatment of arterial hypertension.
Research shows that some behaviors or conditions may increase a persons chances of having a hbp. The higher your blood pressure, the harder your heart must pump to move blood through the vessels. There are a number of medications that can affect blood pressure and heart rate according to medlineplus. Association between smoking and blood pressure hypertension. Learn factors affect blood pressure with free interactive flashcards. I increased it to max dosage and added magnesium, but still the bp was around 18090 on average. In short, even though the pressurevolume curve looks exponential over short segments, the logic that the muscles exponential stressstrain relationship requires. One of the main factors that affects blood pressure is peripheral resistance.
Higher blood pressure appears to influence cognitive. High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is. The heart rate, also called pulse rate, is the number of times your heart beats per minute. His insurance does not kick in until jan 2015, and we had plenty of dr. A stroke that occludes a posterior cerebral artery will most likely affect. Modifiable factors that affect blood pressure include smoking, being overweight, dietary habits and lack of. To understand how vessel elasticity, blood volume, and cardiac output affect blood pressure. Nearly half of the american population over age 20, has hbp, and many dont even know it. If you have high blood pressure, work with your doctor to make the lifestyle and diet changes necessary. Any disorder that affects blood volume, vascular tone, or any other aspect of vascular functioning is likely to affect vascular homeostasis as well. Factors that affect blood pressure default store view. Sustained high blood pressure increases the risk of heart attack, stroke, and kidney failure. Risk factors of hypertension among adults aged 3564. Essay on factors affecting blood pressure 808 words bartleby.
Theres no way of telling from the outside if you have high blood pressure you can feel perfectly well and yet the force of blood pressing against the walls of your arteries can be high enough. Population strategies to lower blood pressure by gradually reducing salt intake. E pidemiological data on adolescents participating in the debrecen. Factors that alter blood pressure about health problems. Blood pressure blood pressure is the pressure exerted by circulating blood upon the walls of blood vessels. Lifestyle factors are critical determinants of blood pressure levels operating against a background of genetic susceptibility. High blood pressure can cause serious problems like strokes and heart attacks, but you may not have any symptoms. Pdf factors affecting quality of life of hypertensive patients. Any factor that causes cardiac output to increase, by elevating heart rate or stroke volume or both, will elevate blood pressure and promote blood flow. If by external factors, you mean weather or temperature outside, when the body is cold, blood pressure may rise as the body attempts to warm itself and the blood pressure may drop when the body is warm and is attempting to cool itself. Raised blood pressure is the major cause of death in the world and the second major cause of. What are some factors that maintain blood pressure. Start studying factors that affects blood pressure.
Before we go on to talk about how blood pressure is regulated, lets look more closely at the factors that are involved in establishing the blood pressure in the first place. Your age increasing age increases the risk other people in your family have high blood pressure your ethnic background people of africancaribbean or. Pdf using the hypertension health status inventory and multivariate analysis, predictors of quality of life were determined for a random selection of. Factors that affect blood pressure bp variability, ie, standard deviation sd and variation coefficient vc. Since there are several factors that influence blood pressure, it is important that medical professionals follow the aha guidelines for taking blood pressure measurements to avoid misdiagnosis of hypertension and inappropriate prescription of antihypertension medications. Written informed consent was obtained from all patients while verbal consent. If resistance increases, then more pressure is needed to keep blood moving.
Lifestyle and hypertension american journal of hypertension. What is blood pressure tallaght university hospital. When you run or walk fast the heart will beat faster and the blood pressure will rise. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Effects of blood pressure on cognitive performance. Thus, this study aimed to identify the prevalence and associated factors of hypertension among adults in gondar city. The nervous system plays a critical role in the regulation of vascular homeostasis.
Choose from 500 different sets of factors affect blood pressure flashcards on quizlet. There are a number of factors that cause changes in the cardiovascular system and thereby affect blood pressure. High blood pressure usually has no signs or symptoms. Blood flow and blood pressure, chapter 14 outline of class notes. Ambulatory blood pressure, blood pressure variability, heart rate, standard deviation, variation coefficient. Blood pressure is defined as the lateral pressure exerted on the vessel wall by column of flowing blood or it is also termed as end arterial pressure. Make sure you get your blood pressure checked regularly and treat it the way your health care provider advises. Blood pressure is defined as the lateral pressure exerted on the vessel wall by column of flowing blood or. This is normal and is good training for your heart. Here are six reasonssome of them unexpected that may explain a high blood pressure reading.
Factors affecting diagnosis and management of hypertension in. Nov 19, 2015 factors affecting blood pressure during exercise. Factors affecting blood pressure in newbors n infants stephen h zinner. Doctors give unbiased, helpful information on indications, contraindications, benefits, and complications. Data from world health organization 2002, estimated that high blood pressure was the cause of death for more than 7 million individuals every year, affecting 972 million of world population which accounts for 26. Factors affecting blood pressure peripheral resistance vessel elasticity blood volume cardiac output page 2. These factors include sympathetic stimulation, the catecholamines epinephrine and norepinephrine, thyroid hormones, and increased calcium ion levels. Prevalence and associated factors of hypertension among. Blood pressure bp is affected by many environmental factors including ambient temperature, altitude, latitude, noise, and air pollutants. Blood pressure varies depending on situation, activity, and disease states.
Pdf to obtain epidemiological data on the blood pressure bp status of high school. Blood volume, resistance to flow and the thickness of your blood influence blood pressure. One of the most beautiful aspects about exercise is the fact it doesnt have to be boring, non productive or extreme. High blood pressure is nicknamed the silent killer. Being overweight puts a lot of stress on your heart and blood vessels. Hypertension in the slum is a public health problem affecting at least one in three adults aged. Learn how high blood pressure affects your body and what makes you more likely to. Modifiable factors that affect blood pressure include smoking, being overweight, dietary habits and lack of regular physical activity.
A blood pressure test is simple, painless, and fast. Hypertension ht is considered to be the most common disorder in the general population. Risk factors of blood pressure hbp the causes of high blood pressure are not clearly know. High blood pressure usually does not cause symptoms.
High blood pressure increases the risk of heart attack and stroke. Excess body fat is a predominant cause of hypertension with additive effects of dietary salt, alcohol, and physical inactivity. Sep 16, 2016 the system of these factors affecting hrv can be divided into the following five categories. High blood pressure hypertension is a cause for concern, since it puts you at an increased risk for heart disease. The relationship of stress and blood pressure effectors. Arteries are vessels that carry blood from the pumping heart to all the tissues and organs of the body. Essay on factors affecting blood pressure 808 words. However, recent evidences indicate that hypertension and raised blood pressure are increasing partly because of the increase in risk factors including smoking, obesity, and harmful use of alcohol and lack of exercise. Physiological factors affecting blood pressure answers on. Blood pressure is the force that the blood exerts on the artery walls. Cardiac output is the measurement of blood flow from the heart through the ventricles, and is usually measured in liters per minute. Chemical factors that increase blood pressure include. The exact causes of high blood pressure are not known, but several things may play a role, including. Factors that affect blood pressure variability american.1578 1647 1380 432 1207 704 1607 1598 897 568 632 999 1049 612 227 616 19 312 1561 969 1268 1361 756 960 1059 1383 757 747 785 253 829